by Possible Modernist

Among the most impressive openings I’ve encountered in a while is the first paragraph of When We Cease to Understand the World, by Benjamín Labatut, translated from the Spanish by Adrian Nathan West, which I will quote here in full:

In a medical examination on the eve of the Nuremberg Trials, the doctors found the nails of Hermann Göring’s fingers and toes stained a furious red, the consequence of his addiction to dihydrocodeine, an analgesic of which he took more than one hundred pills a day. William Burroughs described it as similar to heroin, twice as strong as codeine, but with a wired coke-like edge, so the North American doctors felt obliged to cure Göring of his dependency before allowing him to stand before the court. This was not easy. When the Allied forces caught him, the Nazi leader was dragging a suitcase with more than twenty thousand doses, practically all that remained of Germany’s production of the drug at the end of the Second World War. His addiction was far from exceptional, for virtually everyone in the Wehrmacht received Pervitin as part of their rations, methamphetamine tablets that the troopers used to stay awake for weeks on end, fighting in a deranged state, alternating between manic furore and nightmarish stupor, with overexertion leading many to suffer attacks of irrepressible euphoria. An absolute silence reigns. Everything becomes alien and insignificant. I feel completely weightless, as if I were floating above my own airplane,” a Luftwaffe pilot wrote years later, as though he were recollecting the silent raptures of a beatific vision rather than the dog days of war. The German writer Heinrich Böll wrote letters to his family from the front asking them to send him additional doses: It’s hard here,” he wrote to his parents on November 9, 1939, and I hope you understand if I can only write you every two or three days. Today I’m doing so chiefly to ask for more Pervitin . . . I love you, Hein.” On May 20, 1940, he wrote them a long, impassioned letter that ended with the same request: Can you get hold of a bit more Pervitin for me, so I can have some in reserve?” Two months later, his parents received a single scraggly line: If at all possible, please mail me more Pervitin.” Amphetamines fuelled the unrelenting German Blitzkrieg and many soldiers suffered psychotic attacks as they felt the bitter tablets dissolve on their tongues. The Reich leadership, however, tasted something very different when the lighting war was extinguished by the firestorms of the Allied bombers, when the Russian winter froze the caterpillar tracks of their tanks and the Führer ordered everything of value within the Reich destroyed to leave nothing but scorched earth for the invading troops. Faced with utter defeat, staggered by the new horror that had called down upon the world, they chose a quick escape, biting down on cyanide capsules and choking to death on the sweet scent of almonds that the poison gives off.

Much like the opening lines of Nabokov’s Lolita, there is a palpable poetry here. Beginning almost like a fable (“In a … on the eve of …”) we are quickly discomfited by the technical terminology (“dihydrocodeine”, analgesic”), and the obvious horror of the setting. There is an escalating intensity, a breathless pace, and strategic deployment of the unexpected. Other than Nuremberg”, the most surprising word in the first sentence is nails”, a word which itself has a harshness that hangs in the air. The nails of course belong to Göring, and all within the same sentence we are taken on a tour of Göring’s body, told about his meth addiction, and learn of the extent of his dependency. Already this feels close to madness, even before we come to Burroughs.

Throughout the paragraph, adjectives are applied generously, and clauses are strung together beyond what we would typically expect (“… for weeks on end, fighting in a deranged state, alternating between manic furore and nightmarish stupor, with overexertion leading many to suffer attacks of irrepressible euphoria.”) Alliterations draw the reader on (“a single scraggly line”), with only a single short sentence early on in which to catch our breath (“This was not easy.”). Tangled contrasts create a sustained tension (“the lightning war was extinshuished by the firestorms of the Allied bombers”). Very quickly, we are addicted to the language, gulp it down, more than we can bear, until we are finally given a brief reprieve at the end of the paragraph in a cloud of poison gas.

And then, we are on the move again with the start of the next paragarph: A wave of suicides swept through Germany in the final months of the war. …”